Melasma, also known as chloasma, occurs when irregular patches of dark skin appear on the face or forearms. These tan or brown patches often occur symmetrically over the forehead, nose, cheeks, or upper lip. The symmetry of melasma distinguishes it from other conditions that cause darkening of the skin. Melasma is a common condition and is found more often in women. It can be caused by sun damage or by hormonal changes, such as with pregnancy and menopause. People who have darker skin types are more vulnerable to melasma than those with lighter complexions. Our highly trained medical team treats melasma regularly at Kind Health Group in Encinitas, CA, where we offer numerous treatments that can minimize the visibility of this cosmetic condition.
"TMS feels like when you're when your eye twitches but really big. After a while it kind of felt relaxing though, more like a massage. The health coaching was really incredible. The coaches were so warm and insightful. They really listened when they needed it most. Being able to be there in between treatments made for the best counseling I think I've ever received. They were so welcoming and nonjudgmental and were able to give me advice that has helped me really turn my life in the right direction."- Anonymous / Office Visit / Nov 15, 2022
"I’m excited to not have to be on medication for the rest of my life and to be able to feel every emotion without letting it get the best of me.After my first TMS treatment, I felt more emotional than usual. I remember getting in my car and just crying. I didn’t necessarily feel sad, just emotional and hopeful at the same time. The second day of treatment I felt euphorically happy. Third day, I felt a little more annoyed that usual and exhausted. The fourth and fifth day, I was exhausted but felt happy again and extremely grateful."- Anonymous / Office Visit / Nov 01, 2022
"Kind Health Group always provides me with the best care I could hope for. The staff is patient-centered, compassionate, and accommodating. And Dr. Nanos is an expert physician and caregiver. Those are qualities that are unfortunately hard to find in every doctor."- R.C. / Google / Oct 04, 2022
"Kelly is amaxing ,she goes above and beyond, thank you!"- S.H. / Google / Oct 02, 2022
"Dr. Nanos and her staff are wonderful. Everyone in her office is caring, compassionate, and extremely patient."- L.H. / Google / Sep 23, 2022
Causes for Melasma
The precise cause of melasma remains unknown. Experts feel that the dark patches in melasma may be triggered by numerous factors, including hormone fluctuations, family history of melasma, race, anti-seizure medications, and other medications that make skin more vulnerable to pigmentation after exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Uncontrolled sunlight exposure is perhaps the main cause of melasma, especially in people with a genetic predisposition to this condition. Clinical studies have revealed that individuals normally develop melasma in the summer months when the sun is most intense. In the winter, the hyperpigmentation tends to be less visible or lighter.
Symptoms for Melasma
Melasma is characterized by discoloration or hyperpigmentation, mostly on the face. Three forms of common facial patterns can be identified in people with melasma:
- Centrofacial – (center of the face) hyperpigmentation amid the chin, forehead, cheeks, upper lip, and nose
- Malar – (cheekbones) melasma patterns about the upper cheeks
- Mandibular – (jawbone) hyperpigmentation along the jaw
Treatment Options for Melasma
There are lots of solutions for treating melasma. First, there are a variety of topical creams, gels, or lotions that could be given to help encourage skin lightening. Second, there are dermatology procedures such as chemical peels or fractional lasers. Another alternative is intense pulsed light therapy or IPL. Unlike lasers which use intense, focused light, IPL is intense broadband light, so the recovery time is brief. Improvements normally last when the patient implements good sun protection and maintenance.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you suffer from melasma and are tired of trying to cover it with makeup, or if you spend money on over-the-counter treatments that do not offer you the results you desire, we encourage you to call Kind Health Group in Encinitas, CA, to schedule a consultation. Melasma requires a specialized diagnosis so the ideal treatment can be given. If the wrong treatment is applied, the skin may become darker. Our medical team can accurately diagnose and treat melasma to provide you with a terrific result.